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Industry Papers on Healthcare



Endangering the War on Terror by the War on Drugs Endangering the War on Terror by the War on Drugs
Deepak Lal, World Economics, September 2008
The century-old US War on Drugs based on supply control measures is endangering its War on Terror in Afghanistan. With opium poppy cultivation the most profitable crop available to Afghan farmers, the Taliban has been able to use the illegal profits from the trade to bu ... More


HIV/AIDS: A Growing Concern to Business HIV/AIDS: A Growing Concern to Business
David E. Bloom, Lakshmi Reddy Bloom, Paul De Lay, Fiona Paua, Richard Samans & Mark Weston, World Economics, December 2007
Recent years have seen calls for the private sector to become more involved in the fight against HIV/AIDS. Business has valuable skills and other resources that could assist government and civil society efforts, and some firms (although by no means all) also have strong ... More


Economic, Neurobiological and Behavioral Perspectives on Building America’s Future Workforce Economic, Neurobiological and Behavioral Perspectives on Building America’s Future Workforce
Eric Knudsen, James J. Heckman, Judy Cameron & Jack P. Shonkoff, World Economics, September 2006
A growing proportion of the US workforce will have been raised in disadvantaged environments that are associated with relatively high proportions of individuals with diminished cognitive and social skills. A cross-disciplinary examination of research in economics, devel ... More


The Value of Vaccination The Value of Vaccination
David E. Bloom, David Canning & Mark Weston, World Economics, September 2005
Despite advances during the twentieth century, immunization coverage is far from universal and faces significant obstacles in both developing and developed countries. Weak policy emphasis on vaccination may be the result of the narrow view of its benefits in scientific ... More


Measures of Progress and Other Tall Stories Measures of Progress and Other Tall Stories: From income to anthropometrics
John Komlos & Brian Snowdon, World Economics, June 2005
How should progress be measured? Today, economists and economic historians have available a rich array of data for a large number of countries on which to base their response to this important question. The need for alternative measures of the standard of living is part ... More


The Anomalous Case of HIV/AIDS The Anomalous Case of HIV/AIDS: A critical response to Clive Bell & Maureen Lewis, ‘The Economic Implications of Epidemics Old and New’
Barrie Craven, Christian Fiala, Etienne de Harven & Gordon Stewart, World Economics, March 2005
In a recent issue of World Economics (Vol. 5, No. 4, 2004) Bell and Lewis discuss ‘The Economic Implications of Epidemics Old and New’. In their article those authors examine several historic and recent epidemics including HIV/AIDS, currently regarded as the greatest ... More


The Economic Implications of Epidemics Old and New The Economic Implications of Epidemics Old and New
Clive Bell & Maureen Lewis, World Economics, December 2004
The outbreak of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) in the winter of 2002–03 raised the specter of a new, unknown and uncontrollable infectious disease that spreads quickly and is often fatal. Certain branches of economic activity, notably tourism, felt its impa ... More


The Health and Wealth of Africa The Health and Wealth of Africa
David E. Bloom & David Canning, World Economics, June 2004
Among Africa’s problems, chronic poverty and poor health stand out. Traditional development thinking has maintained that health improvements are a consequence of income growth. But new evidence shows that investing in health, with the aid of the international communi ... More


How Demographic Change can Bolster Economic Performance in Developing Countries How Demographic Change can Bolster Economic Performance in Developing Countries
David E. Bloom & David Canning, World Economics, December 2003
Falling mortality rates spurred by medical, nutritional and lifestyle changes have spurred a ‘demographic transition’ in a majority of the world’s countries. As couples realize their children are more likely to survive, they need, and eventually have, fewer of them t ... More


Regulating Tobacco in the United States Regulating Tobacco in the United States: The Government and the Courtroom
Jonathan Gruber, World Economics, September 2002
There has been a dramatic turn of events against the tobacco industry in the past few years, raising the question of the appropriate future path for smoking policy in the US. This paper discusses the theory and evidence on regulation of smoking. The author begins by ... More


Measuring Global Drug Markets Measuring Global Drug Markets: How good are the numbers and why should we care about them?
Peter Reuter & Victoria Greenfield , World Economics, December 2001
The continuing demand for measures of the size of global drug revenues has produced a supply of numbers that consistently overstate international financial flows. This paper shows that, rather than $500 billion, the annual figure in trade terms may be about $25 billi ... More


Prohibition and the Market for Illegal Drugs Prohibition and the Market for Illegal Drugs: An overview of recent history
Suren Basov , Mireille Jacobson & Jeffrey A. Miron, World Economics, December 2001
Over the past 25 years in the United States, enforcement of drug prohibition has expanded dramatically. Over the same period, however, the trends in drug production and consumption have been essentially flat, and the real, purityadjusted prices of both cocaine and her ... More


Why is There No AIDS Vaccine? Why is There No AIDS Vaccine?: A new economic explanation
Pedro Rey Biel, World Economics, December 2001
This paper provides an economic explanation for the non-existence of a vaccine against AIDS. It comments on previously claimed economic reasons why private laboratories do not have incentives to invest in an AIDS vaccine and provides a new one: private companies alre ... More