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Middle Income Countries

75 COUNTRIES MAKE UP THE MIDDLE INCOME COUNTRIES

World Economics has combined 75 countries to represent the Middle Income Countries group. The Middle Income designation is defined as all countries with a gross national income per capita between $1,036 and $12,055.

Overall these countries account for 55% of Global GDP and 71% of global GDP growth in the past 10 years (2012-2022).

The Middle Income Countries are home to over 5.6 billion people with an average life expectancy of 70 years and a current median age of 27 against a global average of 30.



Economics




Middle Income
Countries
Revised GDP PPP
Int$, Billions
CAGR
10 Year
Rate
%, 2012-2022
Share of
Global
GDP
%
Share of Global GDP Growth
%, 2012-2022
Revised GDP Per Capita
Int$
Government Debt to Revised GDP
%







Albania 55.8 2.5% 0.0% 0.0% 19,451 53.3%
Algeria 601.6 2.2% 0.4% 0.3% 13,266 53.4%
Angola 390.1 0.3% 0.2% 0.0% 11,138 30.1%
Argentina 1,433.4 0.2% 0.8% 0.1% 31,153 54.3%
Armenia 58.8 3.5% 0.0% 0.0% 19,786 37.6%
Azerbaijan 207.6 1.5% 0.1% 0.1% 20,155 15.1%
Bangladesh 1,494.7 9.1% 0.9% 1.9% 8,903 26.9%
Belarus 235.7 -0.3% 0.1% 0.0% 24,992 25.4%
Benin 67.6 5.4% 0.0% 0.1% 5,284 36.8%
Bhutan 12.7 2.5% 0.0% 0.0% 16,116 84.0%
Bolivia 178.8 3.2% 0.1% 0.1% 14,906 46.6%
Bosnia and Herzegovina 68.6 2.4% 0.0% 0.0% 21,116 23.9%
Botswana 57.0 2.6% 0.0% 0.0% 23,335 15.1%
Brazil 4,295.9 0.4% 2.5% 0.4% 19,948 66.2%
Bulgaria 214.5 2.4% 0.1% 0.1% 31,339 17.9%
Cambodia 130.9 5.4% 0.1% 0.1% 7,622 21.1%
Cameroon 151.0 4.4% 0.1% 0.1% 5,410 32.4%
China 31,583.1 6.2% 18.5% 31.7% 21,804 62.4%
Colombia 1,084.7 3.1% 0.6% 0.6% 21,056 45.9%
Comoros 3.7 2.5% 0.0% 0.0% 4,120 25.3%
Congo, Rep. 35.7 -2.3% 0.0% 0.0% 6,159 45.3%
Costa Rica 143.4 3.6% 0.1% 0.1% 27,665 53.4%
Dominican Republic 291.9 5.2% 0.2% 0.3% 26,397 43.6%
Ecuador 288.6 1.0% 0.2% 0.1% 15,931 39.9%
Egypt 2,010.0 4.2% 1.2% 1.5% 18,935 59.8%
El Salvador 85.9 1.9% 0.1% 0.0% 13,112 54.8%
Eswatini 17.2 1.8% 0.0% 0.0% 14,544 27.4%
Gabon 66.8 2.3% 0.0% 0.0% 28,630 26.7%
Georgia 91.4 4.0% 0.1% 0.1% 23,035 27.2%
Ghana 287.3 4.7% 0.2% 0.2% 8,868 57.7%
Guatemala 234.8 3.5% 0.1% 0.2% 12,633 20.3%
Guyana 37.8 13.1% 0.0% 0.1% 47,633 16.8%
Honduras 95.5 3.1% 0.1% 0.1% 9,344 31.1%
India 15,801.2 5.5% 9.3% 14.6% 11,233 52.3%
Indonesia 4,810.2 4.2% 2.8% 3.6% 17,233 29.1%
Jordan 131.8 2.1% 0.1% 0.1% 12,795 72.2%
Kenya 387.6 5.4% 0.2% 0.4% 6,895 47.2%
Kyrgyzstan 43.7 3.4% 0.0% 0.0% 6,496 46.2%
Laos 84.3 5.3% 0.0% 0.1% 11,271 75.3%
Lebanon 87.2 -4.0% 0.1% -0.1% 13,050 114.6%
Lesotho 8.0 0.1% 0.0% 0.0% 3,686 32.7%
Libya 189.1 0.5% 0.1% 0.0% 26,862 98.8%
Malawi 42.5 3.4% 0.0% 0.0% 2,104 51.4%
Malaysia 1,280.7 3.9% 0.8% 0.9% 38,596 51.2%
Mauritania 38.3 5.9% 0.0% 0.0% 7,812 33.7%
Mexico 3,369.8 1.3% 2.0% 0.9% 25,614 41.9%
Moldova 51.7 3.6% 0.0% 0.0% 12,892 25.6%
Mongolia 50.2 4.1% 0.0% 0.0% 14,852 67.2%
Morocco 417.5 4.4% 0.2% 0.3% 11,054 51.5%
Myanmar 349.3 3.3% 0.2% 0.2% 6,325 39.6%
Namibia 32.9 3.1% 0.0% 0.0% 12,505 50.7%
Nepal 196.9 4.2% 0.1% 0.1% 6,513 29.5%
Nicaragua 61.2 2.8% 0.0% 0.0% 9,025 30.8%
North Macedonia 47.0 2.2% 0.0% 0.0% 22,594 40.3%
Pakistan 1,856.2 5.6% 1.1% 1.7% 8,088 53.8%
Papua New Guinea 56.9 3.8% 0.0% 0.0% 6,120 33.7%
Paraguay 140.3 3.2% 0.1% 0.1% 19,208 25.8%
Peru 659.8 2.7% 0.4% 0.3% 19,587 22.8%
Philippines 1,379.6 4.8% 0.8% 1.1% 12,263 42.3%
Russia 5,418.3 0.6% 3.2% 0.7% 37,161 11.9%
Senegal 96.9 5.2% 0.1% 0.1% 5,488 49.3%
Serbia 198.5 2.7% 0.1% 0.1% 22,941 38.4%
South Africa 1,177.1 1.8% 0.7% 0.4% 19,375 46.7%
Sri Lanka 368.0 1.7% 0.2% 0.1% 17,054 92.2%
Suriname 12.5 -1.7% 0.0% 0.0% 21,016 97.2%
Tanzania 265.7 5.6% 0.2% 0.2% 4,197 24.9%
Thailand 1,849.3 1.9% 1.1% 0.7% 26,389 42.0%
Tunisia 166.7 1.5% 0.1% 0.1% 13,834 68.0%
Turkey 3,679.1 5.2% 2.2% 3.3% 42,999 28.6%
Turkmenistan 146.1 6.9% 0.1% 0.2% 23,558 6.3%
Ukraine 501.0 -4.8% 0.3% -0.7% 11,600 33.0%
Uzbekistan 360.8 5.7% 0.2% 0.3% 10,493 26.8%
Vietnam 1,535.2 8.6% 0.9% 1.9% 15,514 29.0%
Zambia 108.3 3.0% 0.1% 0.1% 5,565 71.1%
Zimbabwe 65.5 2.7% 0.0% 0.0% 4,275 49.2%

Middle Income Countries
Totals / Averages:
93,535.4 N/A 54.8% 70.5% 16,266* 43.4%*


World Economics revised GDP data removes serious errors in GDP measurement.
Revised GDP data can be used to analyse and compare country investment potential, but other hidden faults may still be present in source GDP data. Learn more...


Notes:
  • GDP data includes estimates for the Informal Economy, and updated Base Years, to improve the often imperfect quality of Middle Income Countries data.
  • Debt-to-GDP ratio is total gross government debt as a proportion of revised GDP.
  • Data with an astrix (*) represents an average for all countries.







Demography




Middle Income
Countries
Population
Data Quality
Grade
Total
Population
Millions
Life Expectancy
Years
Median
Age
Years
Statistical Capacity
0-100 Index
Age Dependency
Total






Albania B 2.9 76 37.3 87.8 51.8
Algeria C 45.4 76 27.8 50.0 41.5
Angola D 35.0 62 16.2 45.6 8.5
Argentina A 46.0 75 31.3 78.9 45.7
Armenia A 3.0 72 34.4 94.4 50.4
Azerbaijan A 10.3 69 31.4 80.0 55.8
Bangladesh D 167.9 72 26.3 60.0 52.3
Belarus A 9.4 72 40.2 83.3 49.2
Benin C 12.8 60 17.5 62.2 16.0
Bhutan B 0.8 72 28.2 60.0 59.3
Bolivia C 12.0 64 23.9 66.7 43.7
Bosnia and Herzegovina C 3.2 75 41.8 60.0 50.6
Botswana D 2.4 61 23.5 50.0 42.5
Brazil A 215.4 73 32.8 81.1 56.9
Bulgaria B 6.8 72 44.5 85.6 42.7
Cambodia C 17.2 70 26.5 60.0 46.6
Cameroon D 27.9 60 17.5 46.7 17.7
China A 1,448.5 78 37.9 80.0 55.5
Colombia A 51.5 73 30.8 82.2 56.5
Comoros C 0.9 63 20.1 46.7 25.9
Congo, Rep. D 5.8 64 18.2 38.9 21.2
Costa Rica B 5.2 77 32.9 91.1 54.9
Dominican Republic C 11.1 73 27.1 72.2 47.3
Ecuador C 18.1 74 27.6 65.6 49.1
Egypt A 106.2 70 23.9 82.2 39.2
El Salvador C 6.6 71 26.3 82.2 48.7
Eswatini C 1.2 57 21.5 71.1 36.0
Gabon D 2.3 66 21.6 40.0 32.4
Georgia B 4.0 72 36.4 87.8 44.6
Ghana C 32.4 64 20.4 71.1 31.3
Guatemala B 18.6 69 22.1 73.3 39.2
Guyana C 0.8 66 25.5 45.6 46.4
Honduras C 10.2 70 23.4 56.7 46.7
India C 1,406.6 67 27.6 76.7 51.9
Indonesia B 279.1 68 29.4 85.6 52.4
Jordan B 10.3 74 23.4 77.8 42.9
Kenya C 56.2 61 19.2 57.8 29.8
Kyrgyzstan A 6.7 70 23.7 90.0 36.5
Laos C 7.5 68 23.8 62.2 45.3
Lebanon D 6.7 75 28.3 44.4 40.7
Lesotho D 2.2 53 22.1 67.8 37.9
Libya D 7.0 72 26.3 25.6 49.2
Malawi C 20.2 63 16.8 70.0 15.3
Malaysia A 33.2 75 29.9 76.7 56.7
Mauritania D 4.9 64 17.6 61.1 17.3
Mexico A 131.6 70 29.0 80.0 50.6
Moldova B 4.0 69 36.1 91.1 49.8
Mongolia A 3.4 71 26.8 92.2 41.6
Morocco C 37.8 74 28.7 66.7 47.8
Myanmar C 55.2 66 29.0 74.4 54.0
Namibia D 2.6 59 21.3 51.1 32.7
Nepal C 30.2 68 23.7 72.2 45.1
Nicaragua D 6.8 74 24.5 46.7 45.6
North Macedonia A 2.1 74 38.3 72.2 55.4
Pakistan D 229.5 66 20.2 72.2 30.0
Papua New Guinea D 9.3 76 21.8 52.2 39.5
Paraguay C 7.3 65 25.6 65.6 45.6
Peru B 33.7 70 28.2 80.0 47.0
Philippines A 112.5 72 24.5 82.2 43.8
Russia A 145.8 74 38.8 82.2 50.0
Senegal C 17.7 77 17.8 66.7 18.5
Serbia B 8.7 67 42.9 88.9 46.2
South Africa C 60.8 81 27.1 81.1 47.0
Sri Lanka C 21.6 83 32.5 80.0 47.6
Suriname C 0.6 65 27.9 57.8 49.1
Tanzania D 63.3 66 16.8 63.3 12.3
Thailand A 70.1 79 39.3 83.3 56.5
Tunisia C 12.0 74 31.7 58.9 49.1
Turkey A 85.6 76 30.9 81.1 53.2
Turkmenistan A 6.2 69 25.8 72.2 43.4
Ukraine A 43.2 72 40.8 72.2 51.6
Uzbekistan D 34.4 71 26.6 67.8 46.0
Vietnam B 99.0 74 32.0 74.4 54.4
Zambia D 19.5 61 16.9 53.3 18.2
Zimbabwe D 15.3 59 18.1 58.9 20.6

Middle Income Countries
Totals / Averages:
N/A 5,551.8 70* 27.3* 69.0* 42.3*


Notes:
  • Data with an astrix (*) represents an average for all countries.
  • Statistical Capacity Index numbers shown on a scale of 0-100.
    0 = Low level of resources, 100 = High level of resources.


Key:
Data Quality Grade definitions:
         A: As good as it gets;
         B: Use with caution;
         C: Unreliable for many purposes
         D: Extremely poor quality.








Environmental, Social and Governance




Middle Income
Countries:
Carbon Emissions
Total MTCo2e
Methane Emissions
Total MTCo2e
Population in Poverty
% of Pop
Years of Schooling
Years
Rule
of Law
0-100 Index
Corruption Levels
0-100 Index






Albania 4.6 2.9 0% 11 41.1 36
Algeria 176.3 95.9 0% 8 26.9 33
Angola 21.4 44.1 50% 5 23.4 33
Argentina 186.5 130.9 2% 11 35.9 38
Armenia 6.8 2.3 0% 11 45.2 46
Azerbaijan 38.5 14.9 0% 11 32.7 23
Bangladesh 93.2 94.8 14% 7 32.1 25
Belarus 59.6 17.1 0% 12 19.6 39
Benin 7.8 4.1 19% 4 32.5 43
Bhutan 1.5 0.5 2% 5 63.8 68
Bolivia 23.3 34.3 4% 10 18.0 31
Bosnia and Herzegovina 13.6 3.6 0% 11 40.5 34
Botswana 6.5 2.1 15% 10 59.9 60
Brazil 488.9 443.0 2% 8 40.5 38
Bulgaria 42.6 6.8 0% 11 46.5 43
Cambodia 19.0 20.0 0% 5 24.7 24
Cameroon 9.3 16.9 26% 6 19.7 26
China 11,472.4 1,213.1 0% 8 48.5 45
Colombia 91.7 78.4 10% 9 36.1 39
Comoros 0.3 0.3 19% 5 16.5 19
Congo, Rep. 7.5 10.0 40% 6 18.7 21
Costa Rica 7.8 4.8 2% 9 59.1 54
Dominican Republic 28.9 9.5 1% 9 45.2 32
Ecuador 41.3 27.9 7% 9 39.0 36
Egypt 249.6 78.2 4% 10 41.4 30
El Salvador 7.2 3.5 1% 7 26.1 33
Eswatini 1.1 1.4 29% 6 33.3 30
Gabon 5.7 6.2 3% 9 29.9 29
Georgia 11.0 5.6 4% 13 52.0 56
Ghana 21.3 11.4 13% 8 45.6 43
Guatemala 20.3 11.5 9% 6 19.8 24
Guyana 3.1 1.8 0% 9 37.5 40
Honduras 10.9 8.1 15% 7 20.3 23
India 2,709.7 668.8 23% 7 45.6 40
Indonesia 619.3 389.7 2% 9 41.9 34
Jordan 25.6 6.8 0% 10 53.0 47
Kenya 19.9 38.5 37% 7 37.7 32
Kyrgyzstan 9.3 4.9 1% 11 20.3 27
Laos 20.8 8.5 10% 5 31.3 31
Lebanon 25.0 3.4 0% 9 20.3 24
Lesotho 2.3 1.1 27% 6 37.2 37
Libya 74.5 65.1 0% 8 2.2 17
Malawi 1.5 4.3 74% 5 41.6 34
Malaysia 256.0 39.7 0% 11 61.8 47
Mauritania 4.1 7.4 6% 5 30.6 30
Mexico 407.2 143.3 3% 9 27.3 31
Moldova 5.6 5.0 0% 12 39.2 39
Mongolia 50.3 19.4 1% 9 41.9 33
Morocco 70.6 12.3 1% 6 41.2 38
Myanmar 36.3 77.8 1% 6 10.6 23
Namibia 4.0 3.9 14% 7 56.8 49
Nepal 14.2 24.9 15% 5 35.8 34
Nicaragua 5.1 9.7 3% 7 13.1 19
North Macedonia 6.9 2.4 3% 10 45.7 40
Pakistan 229.5 168.9 4% 5 31.4 27
Papua New Guinea 8.5 11.3 38% 11 28.8 30
Paraguay 8.6 30.4 1% 5 33.4 28
Peru 56.3 33.4 4% 9 34.5 36
Philippines 144.3 66.6 3% 10 31.3 33
Russia 1,755.5 694.5 0% 11 25.5 28
Senegal 13.6 11.9 8% 11 38.4 43
Serbia 30.9 14.4 2% 3 45.3 36
South Africa 435.9 82.3 19% 13 51.0 43
Sri Lanka 20.8 8.2 1% 11 48.6 36
Suriname 2.8 1.4 0% 4 45.0 40
Tanzania 13.0 49.8 49% 6 34.3 38
Thailand 278.5 71.3 0% 9 50.6 36
Tunisia 31.6 7.0 0% 7 50.1 40
Turkey 446.2 49.3 0% 9 37.0 36
Turkmenistan 83.0 82.8 0% 11 10.9 19
Ukraine 201.8 32.2 0% 11 30.8 33
Uzbekistan 121.6 54.6 0% 12 25.1 31
Vietnam 326.0 82.5 2% 8 43.9 42
Zambia 7.7 27.2 59% 7 32.5 33
Zimbabwe 11.3 13.1 40% 9 15.5 23

Middle Income Countries
Totals/Averages:
21,775.0 5,536.1 N/A 8* 35.3* 35*


Notes:
  • Data with an astrix (*) represents an average for all countries.
  • Index numbers shown on a scale of 0-100.
    Rule of Law: 0 = low rule of law, 100 = High rule of law.
    Corruption Perceptions Index: 0 = High levels of corruption, 100 = Low levels of corruption.
  • Total Carbon and Methane data expressed in MTCo2e (Million Metric Tons of CO2 equivalent)
  • Data with an astrix (*) represents an average for all countries.



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