Economic Giants

Updated: June 2024

  • Data is shown for the Economic Giants - EU, USA and China. The Economic Giants accounted for 45.5% of Global GDP in 2023, and 48.8% of global GDP growth in the past 10 years (2013-2023).
  • The Economic Giants are home to over 2.2 billion people with an average life expectancy of 78 years and a current median age of 39, against a global average of 30.


 
ECONOMICS
 
GDP DATA QUALITY

Data Quality Ratings are derived from scores in five areas: Base year recency; System of National Accounts framework version; Informal economy size; Statistical resources available; and likelihood of Government interference. Scores are based on a 0-100 scale. Read more...

The percentages in the table below show how the number of countries in each region score on a scale of A-E, e.g. 4% of African countries publish grade B quality GDP data. The percentages for each sub-region are the splits within the region. (All rows sum to 100).


GDP Data Quality Ratings
Grade: A = Good as it gets -> E = Extremely poor quality
      GDP Data Quality Rating Grades
      A B C D E
-   United States   100% 0% 0% 0% 0%
+   European Union   58% 42% 0% 0% 0%
-   China   0% 0% 100% 0% 0%
Click the regions to drill down into the data


Data Notes
Data Quality Index numbers shown on a scale of 0-100.
         0 = Poor, 100 = Excellent.

Rating definitions:
         A: As good as it gets
         B: Good
         C: Use with caution
         D: Poor
         E: Extremely poor quality

The index calculations and displayed data are derived from the most current and up-to-date source data available.
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GDP SIZE

GDP Size data is shown in Purchasing Power Parity terms with added estimates for the size of the informal economy and adjustments for out-of-date GDP base year data.

The Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) column shows the growth rate for the region on that line as a whole over the past decade.


Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
GDP PPP, Int$: 2023
      GDP 2013
(Billions, Int$)
GDP 2023
(Billions, Int$)
Share of
Global GDP
(%, 2023)
-   United States   $19,088.5 $23,673.2 13.3%
+   European Union   $19,966.8 $23,664.4 13.3%
-   China   $18,873.2 $33,706.8 18.9%
Click the regions to drill down into the data


Data Notes
GDP in Purchasing Power Parity terms with added estimates for the size of the informal economy and adjustments for out-of-date GDP base year data, produced by World Economics.

Share of Global GDP expressed as a percentage of the sum of GDP for all countries in the World Economics database.

Displayed data relates to the latest data available: 2023.

Projections for 2030 are made by applying IMF growth rates for 2023 and 2024, with the 5-Year Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) applied thereafter to extrapolate the data to 2030.
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GDP GROWTH

Compound Annual Growth Rates (CAGR) are derived from GDP Data in Purchasing Power Parity terms with added estimates for the size of the informal economy and adjustments for out-of-date GDP base year data.

The GDP Data has been developed by World Economics using World Bank PPP data, IMF growth rates and World Economics research into base year uplifts and the informal economy size..


Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) & Share of Global GDP Growth
GDP PPP for 2013-2023
      10-Year CAGR
(2013-2023)
5-Year CAGR
(2018-2023)
3-Year CAGR
(2020-2023)
Share of GDP Growth
(2013-2023)
-   United States   2.4% 2.0% 3.6% 9.7%
+   European Union   1.9% 1.3% 3.6% 7.8%
-   China   7.9% 5.5% 5.8% 31.3%
Click the regions to drill down into the data


Data Notes
Data Quality Index numbers shown on a scale of 0-100.
         0 = Poor, 100 = Excellent.

Grade definitions:
         A: As good as it gets
         B: Good
         C: Use with caution
         D: Poor
         E: Extremely poor quality


GDP in Purchasing Power Parity terms with added estimates for the size of the informal economy and adjustments for out-of-date GDP base year data.

Share of Global GDP Growth expressed as a percentage of the sum of GDP for all countries in the World Economics database.

Displayed data and calculations are based on the latest data available to end of year 2023.
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GDP PER CAPITA

The table below shows GDP per Capita (a proxy for Wealth). The data uses is the World Economics GDP database with population data sourced from the United Nations Population Prospects database.


GDP Per Capita
GDP PPP for 2013-2023
      GDP per Capita
2013
(Int$)
GDP per Capita
2023
(Int$)
GDP per Capita
Change
(2013-2023)
GDP per Capita
CAGR
(2013-2023)
-   United States   $60,330 $69,628 15.4% 1.5%
+   European Union   $46,337 $53,976 16.5% 1.6%
-   China   $13,559 $23,643 74.4% 7.4%

Click the regions to drill down into the data


Data Notes
GDP per capita derived from World Economics GDP data for 2013-2023 measured in PPP Int$ terms, with added estimates for the Informal economy and adjustments for Base Year age.

Population data sourced from the United Nations Population Prospects database.

Displayed data and calculations are based on the latest data year: 2023.
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DEMOGRAPHY
 
POPULATION DATA QUALITY

The Population Data Quality Rating is derived from three factors: a country's latest Census Year; its Capacity for producing statistical data; and its Registration of Births data. Read more...

The percentages in the table below show how the number of countries in each region score on a scale of A-E, e.g. 4% of African countries publish grade B quality population data. The percentages for each sub-region are the splits within the region. (All rows sum to 100).


Population Data Quality Ratings
Grade: A = Good as it gets -> E = Extremely poor quality
      Data Quality Rating Grades
      A B C D E
-   United States   100% 0% 0% 0% 0%
+   European Union   15% 50% 19% 15% 0%
-   China   100% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Click the regions to drill down into the data


Data Notes
Data Quality Index numbers shown on a scale of 0-100.
         0 = Poor, 100 = Excellent.

Rating definitions:
         A: As good as it gets
         B: Good
         C: Use with caution
         D: Poor
         E: Extremely poor quality

The index calculations and displayed data are derived from the most current and up-to-date source data available.
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Related Insights
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Population Profile

World Economics has collated key demographic data for in the tables below.

The Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) column shows the growth rate for the region on that line as a whole over the past decade.


Population Size & Growth

      Population
2013
(Millions)
Population
2023
(Millions)
CAGR
(2013-2023, %)
-   United States   316.4 340.0 0.7%
+   European Union   430.9 438.4 0.2%
-   China   1,391.9 1,425.7 0.2%




      Average
Life Expectancy
(Years)
Average
Median Age
(Years)
Average
Fertility Rate
(%)
Average
Age Dependency
(Total, %)
-   United States   77.2 37.7 1.7% 53.7%
+   European Union   79.5 42.1 1.5% 54.8%
-   China   78.2 37.9 1.2% 44.5%
Click the regions to drill down into the data


Data Notes
Data sources:
The displayed data are derived from the most current and up-to-date source data available.
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GOVERNANCE
 
GOVERNANCE RATINGS

The Governance Index combines data on Rule of Law, Press Freedom, Political Rights and Corruption Perceptions. The individual Indexes are combined using equal weights to form the Governance Index.

The percentages in the table below show how the number of countries in each region score on a scale of A-E, e.g. 35% of EU countries attain grade B governance levels. The percentages for each sub-region are the splits within the region. (All rows sum to 100).


Governance Ratings
Index: 0 = Extremely poor, 100 = Good as it gets
      Governance Rating
      A B C D E
-   United States   100% 0% 0% 0% 0%
+   European Union   65% 35% 0% 0% 0%
-   China   0% 0% 0% 0% 100%
Click the regions to drill down into the data


Data Notes
Index numbers are all rebased and shown on a scale of 0-100.
Governance: 0 = Extremely poor governance, 100 = As good as it gets.
Corruption Perception: 0 = Bad, 100 = Good.
Rule of Law: 0 = low rule of law, 100 = High rule of law.
Press Freedom: 0 = Low press freedom, 100 = High press freedom.
Political Rights: 0 = Low political rights, 100 = High political rights.

Source: World Bank (Rule of Law), RSF (Press Freedom), Freedom House (Political Rights), Transparency International (Corruption Perceptions).

All source data has been re-indexed on a scale of 0-100 for comparison purposes.

The displayed data are derived from 2023 data sources.
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