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Environmental Impact by Country

Environmental criteria consider how each country can reduce the impact of its operations on the natural environment.

The data below ranks the world's worst polluters.






Country Global
Rank
Region
Rank
Emissions
Index
Carbon
Emissions
(Total MtCO2e)
Methane
Emissions
(Total MtCO2e)
Carbon
Emissions
(Per Cap MtCO2e)
Methane
Emissions
(Per Cap MtCO2e)
Air
Quality
(PM2.5)
Water
Access
(%)
China 1 1 0.0 101,747 12,390 7.1 0.9 46 94
United States 2 1 48.9 52,847 6,238 15.9 1.9 7 99
Russia 3 1 57.3 16,784 8,530 11.5 5.9 10 97
India 4 2 60.1 26,158 6,693 1.9 0.5 69 91
Brazil 5 2 80.8 4,657 4,180 2.2 2.0 12 99
Indonesia 6 3 83.4 6,175 3,351 2.2 1.2 19 92
Mexico 7 3 92.0 4,385 1,451 3.4 1.1 23 99
Australia 8 4 92.3 4,110 1,399 15.9 5.4 7 99
Pakistan 9 5 92.7 2,488 1,510 1.1 0.7 59 90
Canada 10 4 93.3 5,767 955 15.2 2.5 6 99
Japan 11 6 93.7 11,067 211 8.8 0.2 13 99
Nigeria 12 1 94.2 1,400 1,279 0.7 0.6 62 78
Argentina 13 5 94.4 1,789 1,179 3.9 2.6 13
Germany 14 2 94.4 7,020 534 8.4 0.6 12 99
Thailand 15 7 95.2 2,883 847 4.1 1.2 30 99
Uzbekistan 16 8 95.2 1,102 1,059 3.3 3.1 28 98
Vietnam 17 9 95.2 2,477 880 2.5 0.9 22 97
Saudi Arabia 18 1 95.4 5,821 442 16.5 1.3 60 99
Ethiopia 19 2 95.8 163 1,035 0.1 0.9 32 50
South Africa 20 3 95.8 4,786 454 8.0 0.8 25 94
Korea, Rep. 21 10 96.0 6,113 255 11.9 0.5 26 99
France 22 3 96.1 3,236 583 5.0 0.9 12 99
Turkey 23 2 96.1 4,051 474 4.8 0.6 37 97
Bangladesh 24 11 96.1 1,022 838 0.6 0.5 63 98
United Kingdom 25 4 96.1 3,699 512 5.4 0.8 10 99
Ukraine 26 5 96.4 2,232 630 5.1 1.5 14 94
Colombia 27 6 96.4 1,022 771 2.0 1.5 19 98
Egypt 28 4 96.5 2,466 569 2.4 0.6 72 99
Poland 29 6 96.5 3,226 475 8.5 1.3 21 99
Philippines 30 12 96.6 1,443 677 1.3 0.6 21 94
Italy 31 7 96.6 3,371 437 5.6 0.7 15 99
Afghanistan 32 13 96.7 107 815 0.3 2.1 55 75
Kazakhstan 33 14 96.8 3,138 414 16.5 2.2 18 95
Malaysia 34 15 96.8 2,501 480 7.6 1.5 16 97
United Arab Emirates 35 3 96.9 1,907 530 19.1 5.3 45 99
Myanmar 36 16 97.0 262 701 0.5 1.3 33 84
Spain 37 8 97.2 2,527 399 5.4 0.9 9 99
Algeria 38 5 97.2 1,717 496 3.9 1.1 35 94
Tanzania 39 6 97.3 116 656 0.2 1.1 27 61
Sudan 40 7 97.5 230 589 0.5 1.3 44 60
Turkmenistan 41 17 97.6 856 496 14.0 8.1 18 99
Chad 42 8 97.8 10 545 0.1 3.2 64 46
Congo, Dem. Rep 43 9 98.0 23 490 0.0 0.5 43 46
Azerbaijan 44 18 98.1 398 436 3.9 4.3 21 96
Angola 45 10 98.2 380 400 1.1 1.2 38 57
Libya 46 11 98.3 464 378 6.7 5.4 49 99
Kenya 47 12 98.3 173 403 0.3 0.7 27 62
Peru 48 7 98.5 545 315 1.6 0.9 31 93
New Zealand 49 19 98.5 365 325 7.5 6.7 7 99
Netherlands 50 9 98.5 1,548 173 9.0 1.0 12 99
Uganda 51 13 98.6 55 333 0.1 0.7 43 56
Romania 52 10 98.7 751 238 3.9 1.2 15 99
Nepal 53 20 98.7 139 310 0.5 1.0 82 90
Taiwan 54 21 98.7 2,626 0 11.0
Central African Republic 55 14 98.7 3 315 0.1 6.4 43 37
Paraguay 56 8 98.8 83 291 1.2 4.0 12 99
Niger 57 15 98.8 21 299 0.1 1.2 93 47
Bolivia 58 9 98.8 226 260 1.9 2.2 26 93
Mozambique 59 16 98.9 87 275 0.3 0.9 21 63
Zambia 60 17 98.9 67 274 0.4 1.5 31 65
Morocco 61 18 98.9 719 177 1.9 0.5 28 90
Mongolia 62 22 99.0 655 179 19.7 5.4 43 86
Ecuador 63 10 99.0 405 204 2.3 1.1 20 95
Czech Republic 64 11 99.0 1,010 124 9.4 1.2 15 99
Belarus 65 12 99.0 625 168 6.6 1.8 16 97
Chile 66 11 99.0 843 135 4.4 0.7 24 99
Mali 67 19 99.0 34 233 0.2 1.1 64 83
Cambodia 68 23 99.1 160 216 1.0 1.3 25 71
Ghana 69 20 99.1 150 214 0.5 0.7 55 86
Uruguay 70 12 99.1 64 209 1.8 6.0 10 99
Qatar 71 4 99.1 1,093 81 37.3 2.8 81 99
Ireland 72 13 99.1 371 168 7.5 3.4 8 97
Belgium 73 14 99.2 997 82 8.6 0.7 13 99
Israel 74 5 99.2 642 121 7.3 1.4 19 99
Kuwait 75 6 99.2 1,075 61 24.8 1.4 63 99
Serbia 76 15 99.2 547 124 6.3 1.4 25 95
Bahrain 77 7 99.2 344 149 19.7 8.5 63 99
Guinea 78 21 99.3 32 179 0.2 1.3 53 64
Madagascar 79 22 99.3 40 178 0.1 0.6 18 53
Greece 80 16 99.3 672 97 6.5 0.9 14 99
Portugal 81 17 99.3 486 113 4.8 1.1 8 99
Cameroon 82 23 99.4 76 152 0.3 0.6 65 66
Burkina Faso 83 24 99.4 43 156 0.2 0.7 56 47
Austria 84 18 99.4 685 67 7.6 0.7 12 99
Guatemala 85 13 99.4 205 118 1.1 0.6 31 94
Oman 86 8 99.4 717 55 13.7 1.1 44 92
Zimbabwe 87 25 99.5 104 120 0.7 0.8 25 63
Hungary 88 19 99.5 491 71 5.1 0.7 16 99
Sri Lanka 89 24 99.5 248 100 1.2 0.5 17 92
Dominican Republic 90 14 99.5 274 92 2.5 0.8 16 97
Papua New Guinea 91 25 99.5 71 114 0.8 1.3 11 45
Bulgaria 92 20 99.5 420 69 6.1 1.0 19 99
Senegal 93 26 99.5 98 108 0.6 0.6 60 85
Laos 94 26 99.5 328 79 4.5 1.1 21 85
Malawi 95 27 99.5 15 112 0.1 0.6 26 70
Denmark 96 21 99.6 321 71 5.5 1.2 10 99
Nicaragua 97 15 99.6 55 99 0.8 1.5 22 82
Tunisia 98 28 99.6 310 64 2.6 0.5 33 98
Norway 99 22 99.6 424 49 7.8 0.9 7 99
Yemen, Rep. 100 9 99.6 103 86 0.3 0.3 42 61
Sweden 101 23 99.6 428 46 4.2 0.5 6 99
Honduras 102 16 99.6 109 83 1.1 0.8 26 96
Jordan 103 10 99.6 261 63 2.5 0.6 33 99
Switzerland 104 24 99.6 377 48 4.3 0.6 10 99
Finland 105 25 99.6 417 42 7.5 0.8 6 99
Singapore 106 27 99.6 389 42 6.6 0.7 17 99
Slovak Republic 107 26 99.7 333 44 6.1 0.8 18 99
Cote d'Ivoire 108 29 99.7 129 66 0.5 0.2 58 71
Mauritania 109 30 99.7 41 68 0.9 1.4 74 72
Panama 110 17 99.7 125 54 2.9 1.2 15 94
Lebanon 111 11 99.7 282 33 4.2 0.5 31 93
Bosnia and Herzegovina 112 27 99.7 266 34 8.2 1.0 28 96
Tajikistan 113 28 99.7 90 55 0.9 0.6 35 82
Benin 114 31 99.7 80 56 0.6 0.5 42 65
Georgia 115 28 99.7 103 52 2.6 1.3 22 97
Liberia 116 32 99.7 13 62 0.3 1.2 52 75
Kyrgyzstan 117 29 99.7 115 50 1.7 0.8 24 92
Croatia 118 29 99.8 179 38 4.4 0.9 17
Trinidad and Tobago 119 18 99.8 379 13 27.0 0.9 23 99
Costa Rica 120 19 99.8 85 48 1.7 0.9 19 99
Botswana 121 33 99.8 63 46 2.6 1.9 25 92
Hong Kong 122 30 99.8 415 0 5.5 99
Haiti 123 20 99.8 33 47 0.3 0.4 18 67
Namibia 124 34 99.8 42 45 1.6 1.7 24 84
Lithuania 125 30 99.8 135 32 5.0 1.2 11 98
El Salvador 126 21 99.8 62 40 1.0 0.6 29 98
Sierra Leone 127 35 99.8 10 46 0.1 0.6 54 64
Congo, Rep. 128 36 99.8 35 38 0.6 0.7 43 74
Moldova 129 31 99.8 60 33 1.5 0.8 14 91
Togo 130 37 99.9 33 35 0.4 0.4 46 69
Albania 131 32 99.9 56 32 1.9 1.1 18 95
Slovenia 132 33 99.9 137 20 6.6 1.0 16 99
North Macedonia 133 34 99.9 80 25 3.9 1.2 30 98
Armenia 134 35 99.9 60 24 2.0 0.8 34 99
Rwanda 135 38 99.9 11 29 0.1 0.2 40 60
Latvia 136 36 99.9 83 19 4.4 1.0 12 99
Estonia 137 37 99.9 139 11 10.5 0.8 6 99
Lesotho 138 39 99.9 22 23 1.0 1.1 25 72
Mauritius 139 40 99.9 47 19 3.7 1.5 11 99
Burundi 140 41 99.9 6 21 0.1 0.2 37 62
Guyana 141 22 99.9 24 16 3.0 2.0 23 96
Gambia 142 42 99.9 6 17 0.2 0.7 58 81
Jamaica 143 23 99.9 80 8 2.7 0.3 15 91
Luxembourg 144 38 99.9 98 5 15.4 0.9 10 99
Gabon 145 43 99.9 47 11 2.1 0.5 41 85
Suriname 146 24 99.9 26 14 4.4 2.3 27 98
Cyprus 147 39 99.9 73 7 6.0 0.6 15 99
Eswatini 148 44 99.9 10 15 0.8 1.3 20 71
Guinea-Bissau 149 45 99.9 3 16 0.2 0.8 54 59
Brunei Darussalam 150 31 100.0 91 0 20.6 8 99
Bhutan 151 32 100.0 17 9 2.2 1.1 38 97
Iceland 152 40 100.0 33 5 9.7 1.5 6 99
Bahamas, The 153 25 100.0 20 2 5.0 0.6 17
Malta 154 41 100.0 16 2 3.5 0.5 13 99
Comoros 155 46 100.0 3 3 0.3 0.3 15
Cabo Verde 156 47 100.0 6 1 1.1 0.2 62 89



See: Data for individual countries and underlying data click on the country name

Total Carbon and Methane expressed in Millions of MtCO2e

Source: World Economics, World Health Organisation, United Nations and World Bank

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Key:
Emissions Index numbers shown on a scale of 0-100.
          0 = High emissions, 100 = Low emissions.