Heavily Indebted Countries

35 COUNTRIES ARE CLASSIFIED AS HEAVILY INDEBTED COUNTRIES

World Economics has combined 35 countries to represent the Heavily Indebted Countries group. Overall these countries account for 2% of Global GDP in 2023, and 3% of global GDP growth in the past 10 years (2012-2022).

The Heavily Indebted Countries are home to over 0.8 billion people with an average life expectancy of 62 years and a current median age of 18 against a global average of 30.



Economics




Heavily Indebed
Countries
Revised GDP PPP
Int$, Billions
CAGR
10 Year
Rate
%, 2012-2022
Share of
Global
GDP
%
Share of Global GDP Growth
%, 2012-2022
Revised GDP Per Capita
Int$
Government Debt to Revised GDP
%







Afghanistan 120.5 -1.4% 0.1% 0.0% 2,853 3.6%
Benin 72.5 6.9% 0.0% 0.1% 5,290 35.5%
Bolivia 182.7 3.1% 0.1% 0.1% 14,751 45.4%
Burkina Faso 78.3 5.9% 0.0% 0.1% 3,368 40.1%
Burundi 17.0 1.3% 0.0% 0.0% 1,281 40.5%
Cameroon 159.2 5.1% 0.1% 0.1% 5,559 28.6%
Central African Republic 8.8 2.8% 0.0% 0.0% 1,540 26.7%
Chad 46.1 0.9% 0.0% 0.0% 2,524 24.3%
Comoros 3.8 2.6% 0.0% 0.0% 4,486 24.3%
Congo, Dem. Rep 228.6 7.2% 0.1% 0.2% 2,236 6.9%
Congo, Rep. 41.8 -0.7% 0.0% 0.0% 6,851 53.3%
Cote d'Ivoire 264.9 9.1% 0.1% 0.3% 9,175 35.5%
Ethiopia 476.8 11.2% 0.3% 0.5% 3,768 24.8%
Gambia 10.2 4.4% 0.0% 0.0% 3,667 43.0%
Ghana 298.0 5.1% 0.2% 0.2% 8,733 53.1%
Guinea 67.2 7.8% 0.0% 0.1% 4,733 18.6%
Guinea-Bissau 6.3 4.0% 0.0% 0.0% 2,939 47.7%
Guyana 54.2 36.8% 0.0% 0.1% 66,577 21.8%
Haiti 53.3 0.1% 0.0% 0.0% 4,546 12.0%
Honduras 100.1 3.7% 0.1% 0.1% 9,450 28.6%
Liberia 12.9 1.2% 0.0% 0.0% 2,380 32.8%
Madagascar 81.1 3.2% 0.0% 0.0% 2,673 30.9%
Malawi 44.5 3.6% 0.0% 0.0% 2,126 54.1%
Mali 96.6 5.4% 0.1% 0.1% 4,145 27.1%
Mauritania 40.4 4.0% 0.0% 0.0% 8,301 32.3%
Mozambique 67.5 4.5% 0.0% 0.0% 1,992 57.5%
Nicaragua 63.7 3.1% 0.0% 0.0% 9,041 27.2%
Niger 55.3 7.4% 0.0% 0.0% 2,033 31.2%
Rwanda 50.4 8.6% 0.0% 0.0% 3,579 43.4%
Senegal 106.5 7.5% 0.1% 0.1% 5,997 50.8%
Sierra Leone 25.9 0.8% 0.0% 0.0% 2,943 49.8%
Tanzania 282.8 6.9% 0.2% 0.2% 4,194 26.4%
Togo 30.1 6.4% 0.0% 0.0% 3,326 45.9%
Uganda 172.2 6.0% 0.1% 0.1% 3,546 31.9%
Zambia 119.1 3.8% 0.1% 0.1% 5,792 57.9%

Heavily Indebted Countries
Totals / Averages:
3,539.5 N/A 2.0% 2.6% 6,468* 34.7%*


World Economics revised GDP data removes serious errors in GDP measurement.
Revised GDP data can be used to analyse and compare country investment potential, but other hidden faults may still be present in source GDP data. Learn more...


Notes:
  • GDP data includes estimates for the Informal Economy, and updated Base Years, to improve the often imperfect quality of Heavily Indebted Countries data.
  • Debt-to-GDP ratio is total gross government debt as a proportion of revised GDP.
  • Data with an astrix (*) represents an average for all countries.
  • Offical GDP data quality is often poor in Emerging Market countries. See data quality for individual countries.







Demography




Emerging Market
Countries
Population
Data Quality
Grade
Total
Population
Millions
Life Expectancy
Years
Median
Age
Years
Statistical Capacity
0-100 Index
Age Dependency
Total






Afghanistan E 42.2 62 16.7 57.8 15.4
Benin D 13.7 60 17.5 62.2 16.0
Bolivia D 12.4 64 23.9 66.7 43.7
Burkina Faso C 23.3 59 16.6 67.8 12.6
Burundi E 13.2 62 15.6 57.8 4.8
Cameroon E 28.6 60 17.5 46.7 17.7
Central African Republic E 5.7 54 14.7 36.7 -2.8
Chad E 18.3 53 15.0 54.4 1.3
Comoros D 0.9 63 20.1 46.7 25.9
Congo, Dem. Rep E 102.3 59 15.6 40.0 2.0
Congo, Rep. E 6.1 64 18.2 38.9 21.2
Cote d'Ivoire D 28.9 59 17.6 71.1 20.8
Ethiopia E 126.5 65 18.5 47.8 24.3
Gambia E 2.8 62 16.8 70.0 15.0
Ghana C 34.1 64 20.4 71.1 31.3
Guinea E 14.2 59 17.7 51.1 17.6
Guinea-Bissau E 2.2 60 18.3 48.9 23.4
Guyana D 0.8 66 25.5 45.6 46.4
Haiti E 11.7 63 23.0 53.3 41.7
Honduras D 10.6 70 23.4 56.7 46.7
Liberia E 5.4 61 17.9 57.8 20.3
Madagascar D 30.3 65 19.0 54.4 25.5
Malawi D 20.9 63 16.8 70.0 15.3
Mali C 23.3 59 15.1 60.0 0.7
Mauritania E 4.9 64 17.6 61.1 17.3
Mozambique D 33.9 59 16.8 62.2 13.9
Nicaragua E 7.0 74 24.5 46.7 45.6
Niger E 27.2 62 14.5 68.9 -5.4
Rwanda D 14.1 66 19.0 73.3 27.5
Senegal D 17.8 67 17.8 66.7 18.5
Sierra Leone C 8.8 60 18.8 60.0 26.0
Tanzania E 67.4 66 16.8 63.3 12.3
Togo D 9.1 62 18.7 67.8 23.5
Uganda E 48.6 63 15.9 71.1 11.8
Zambia E 20.6 61 16.9 53.3 18.2

Heavily Indebted Countries
Totals / Averages:
N/A 837.8 62* 18.2* 57.9* 19.9*


Notes:
  • Data with an astrix (*) represents an average for all countries.
  • Statistical Capacity Index numbers shown on a scale of 0-100.
    0 = Low level of resources, 100 = High level of resources.


Key:
Data Quality Grade definitions:
         A: As good as it gets;
         B: Use with caution;
         C: Unreliable for many purposes
         D: Extremely poor quality.








Environmental, Social and Governance




Emerging Market
Countries:
Carbon Emissions
Total MTCo2e
Methane Emissions
Total MTCo2e
Population in Poverty
% of Pop
Years of Schooling
Years
Rule
of Law
0-100 Index
Corruption Levels
0-100 Index






Afghanistan 11.9 16.7 0% 3 13.0 20
Benin 7.8 4.1 19% 4 38.4 43
Bolivia 23.3 31.2 4% 10 21.6 29
Burkina Faso 5.7 15.9 34% 2 38.3 41
Burundi 0.7 1.3 73% 3 22.1 20
Cameroon 9.3 19.1 26% 6 27.7 27
Central African Republic 0.2 20.3 0% 4 11.9 24
Chad 1.9 61.7 33% 3 19.8 20
Comoros 0.3 0.2 19% 5 21.3 20
Congo, Dem. Rep 2.6 51.7 77% 7 12.6 20
Congo, Rep. 7.5 10.5 40% 6 26.7 22
Cote d'Ivoire 11.7 8.1 9% 5 41.3 40
Ethiopia 17.8 97.8 31% 3 37.9 37
Gambia 0.7 1.4 10% 5 42.1 37
Ghana 21.3 12.4 13% 8 51.0 43
Guinea 4.8 17.3 23% 2 26.3 26
Guinea-Bissau 0.4 1.4 25% 4 17.9 22
Guyana 3.1 1.9 0% 9 45.3 40
Haiti 2.9 5.3 25% 6 19.7 17
Honduras 10.9 8.4 15% 7 28.4 23
Liberia 1.2 0.4 44% 5 30.8 25
Madagascar 4.3 19.9 79% 5 30.2 25
Malawi 1.5 4.7 74% 5 47.6 34
Mali 4.2 23.8 16% 2 28.8 28
Mauritania 4.1 7.1 6% 5 37.0 30
Mozambique 7.1 25.1 64% 3 28.3 25
Nicaragua 5.1 9.8 3% 7 21.4 17
Niger 2.7 29.7 41% 2 41.2 32
Rwanda 1.8 2.8 57% 13 56.4 53
Senegal 13.6 12.2 8% 11 46.6 43
Sierra Leone 1.3 3.7 43% 11 32.9 35
Tanzania 13.0 51.0 49% 6 42.2 40
Togo 2.3 3.1 24% 5 39.4 31
Uganda 5.8 21.7 41% 6 43.7 26
Zambia 7.7 26.5 59% 7 40.4 37

Heavily Indebted Countries
Totals/Averages:
220.5 628.2 N/A 6* 32.3* 30*


Notes:
  • Data with an astrix (*) represents an average for all countries.
  • Index numbers shown on a scale of 0-100.
    Rule of Law: 0 = low rule of law, 100 = High rule of law.
    Corruption Perceptions Index: 0 = High levels of corruption, 100 = Low levels of corruption.
  • Total Carbon and Methane data expressed in MTCo2e (Million Metric Tons of CO2 equivalent)
  • Data with an astrix (*) represents an average for all countries.



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