Ireland: Fastest Growing Economy in the World with Good Quality Data

Updated: November 2022.


Key Insights
  • Fastest growing economy in the world over decade ending 2021.*
  • Second highest GDP per capita in the world.*
  • Very high Governance ratings.
  • One of the coldest developed countries in the world.
* Of countries with believable (Data Quality Rating A or B) economic data. Read more...
 
ECONOMY SIZE

  • When measured in Purchasing Power Parity terms, including estimates for its informal economy, Ireland's GDP is currently the 43rd largest in the world and 10th in the EU.
Gross Domestic Product: 2021
Ranked by GDP
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Global Rank
(1-155)
GDP PPP
(Billions)
GDP Data Quality
Grade
Share of
Global GDP
%





Belgium 36 $713 A 0.4%
Switzerland 37 $662 A 0.4%
Kazakhstan 38 $653 C 0.4%
Peru 39 $639 C 0.4%
Singapore 40 $631 A 0.4%
Sweden 41 $628 A 0.4%
Chile 42 $594 A 0.4%
Ireland 43 $577 A 0.3%
Algeria 44 $575 B 0.3%
Austria 45 $525 A 0.3%
Hong Kong 46 $508 A 0.3%
Czech Republic 47 $487 A 0.3%
Israel 48 $471 A 0.3%
Sri Lanka 49 $420 C 0.3%
Portugal 50 $415 A 0.3%

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GDP Data Quality

Data Quality Ratings: EU
Index: 0 = Extremely poor quality, 100 = Good as it gets
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Data
Quality
Index
Data
Quality
Grade
Base
Year
SNA
Version
Informal
Economy %
Resoucres
Index
0-100
Corruption
Index
0-100





Finland 97.8 A Chained 2008 14.6 100.0 88
Denmark 97.6 A Chained 2008 15.2 100.0 88
Sweden 97.4 A Chained 2008 13.7 100.0 85
Germany 97.2 A Chained 2008 11.2 100.0 80
United Kingdom 97.1 A Chained 2008 10.3 100.0 78
Norway 96.8 A Chained 2008 15.7 100.0 85
Austria 96.8 A Chained 2008 8.7 100.0 74
Ireland 95.7 A Chained 2008 12.3 100.0 74
Iceland 95.2 A Chained 2008 13.9 100.0 74
France 94.8 A Chained 2008 13.1 100.0 71
Belgium 93.4 A Chained 2008 19.2 100.0 73
Czech Republic 91.0 A Chained 2008 14.5 100.0 54
Portugal 90.8 A Chained 2008 20.3 100.0 62
Spain 90.3 A Chained 2008 21.3 100.0 61
Slovenia 88.7 A Chained 2008 23.8 100.0 57

Access the interactive all country Data Quality Ratings table

Key:
Data Quality Index numbers shown on a scale of 0-100.
         0 = Poor, 100 = Excellent.

Resources Index numbers shown on a scale of 0-100.
         0 = Low level of resources, 100 = High level of resources.

Corruption Index numbers shown on a scale of 0-100.
         0 = High corruption, 100 = Low corruption.

Grade definitions:
         A: As good as it gets;
         B: Use with caution;
         C: Unreliable for many purposes
         D: Extremely poor quality.


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Relevant Papers:


 
ECONOMIC GROWTH

  • Ireland's Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) over the last 10, 5 and 3 years was 7.8%, 8.1% and 8.1% respectively.
  • On a 10-year CAGR basis Ireland ranks as the 6th fastest growing economy in the World and fastest in the EU over the past decade.
  • Taking into account data quality, Ireland jumps up the rankings to first place to become the world's fastest growing economy over the last 10 years.
Ireland's Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) over the last 10-years (2011-2021)
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Global
Rank:
GDP Data
Quality:
Grade
CAGR
10 Year:
2011-2021
CAGR
5 Year:
2016-2021
CAGR
3 Year:
2018-2021
Global Growth
Share:
Percentage





Libya 1 D 14.0% 23.3% 25.0% 0.6%
Guyana 2 D 8.6% 14.5% 21.9% 0.0%
Ethiopia 3 D 8.6% 7.4% 6.9% 0.5%
Togo 4 D 8.2% 10.4% 14.4% 0.0%
Turkmenistan 5 D 7.9% 6.9% 7.3% 0.2%
Ireland 6 A 7.8% 8.1% 8.1% 0.7%
Cote d'Ivoire 7 C 7.3% 5.8% 4.9% 0.3%
Malawi 8 C 7.2% 10.8% 16.0% 0.1%
Tajikistan 9 C 7.0% 7.1% 7.0% 0.1%
Haiti 10 D 6.9% 11.4% 18.7% 0.1%
China 11 B 6.7% 6.0% 5.4% 33.4%
Bangladesh 12 C 6.4% 6.3% 5.5% 1.2%
Rwanda 13 B 6.3% 5.7% 5.3% 0.0%

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  • Over the past 10 years the global economy has grown by 27%. Ireland's contribution to this growth was 2.1% once any allowances are made for base year and informal economy size.

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WEALTH

  • Ireland's GDP per Capita has grown at the fastest rate among countries with believable (Data Quality Rating A or B) economic data. Read more....
  • In GDP per Capita terms, Ireland ranks 2nd in the Global rankings, 1st for the EU and 2nd in Europe.
Ireland's GDP Per Capita Growth: 25 Years
Index: 1996 = 100

GDP Per Capita: Europe
Ranked by GDP per Capita
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GDP Per Capita
PPP
(Int$)
GDP per Capita
Data Quality
Grade





Luxembourg $131,256 A
Ireland $115,807 A
Switzerland $75,977 A
Norway $75,182 A
Denmark $67,196 A
Iceland $66,416 A
Malta $65,018 A
Netherlands $63,754 A
Sweden $61,838 A
EU Average $54,217 -
Europe Average $49,050 -

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INEQUALITY

  • Inequality is measured using an Indexed version of the Gini scale (read more). For Ireland the data relates to 2017.
  • Ireland is shown to be a relatively egalitarian society, ranking 31st globally, 21th for Europe and 15th in the EU.
Inequality Rankings: EU
Index: 0-100, 0 = High Inequality; 100 = High Equality
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Regional
Rank
Inequality
Index
Poverty
% of Population




Hungary 14 53.0 -
Croatia 15 52.9 -
Armenia 16 52.5 2.1%
Sweden 17 52.4 -
Poland 18 52.1 -
Estonia 19 51.9 -
Austria 20 51.1 -
Ireland 21 50.2 -
Germany 22 49.4 -
France 23 48.6 -
Cyprus 24 48.1 -
Greece 25 47.8 -
North Macedonia 26 47.6 4.4%
Bosnia and Herzegovina 27 47.6 0.1%
Switzerland 28 47.5 -

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DEBT

  • World Economics produces GDP data in Purchasing Power Parity terms with added estimates for the size of the informal economy.
  • The World Economics database estimates the Irish Debt to GDP at a modest 49.2%.
  • This is lower than the IMF's estimate of 55.3%, due to the inclusion of informal economy estimates in the World Economics GDP data.
Debt-to-GDP Ratio for Emerging Market Countries
Ranked by % of GDP
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Global
Rank
Debt-to-GDP
Ratio




Algeria 46 53.7%
Australia 47 53.1%
Ghana 48 53.0%
Pakistan 49 52.3%
Morocco 50 52.3%
Gambia 51 51.3%
India 52 50.3%
Ireland 53 49.2%
Malaysia 54 48.6%
Colombia 55 48.5%
Congo, Rep. 56 48.3%
South Africa 57 48.2%
Namibia 58 47.7%
Netherlands 59 47.5%
Senegal 60 47.4%
EU Average   61.0%
Europe Average   53.7%


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POPULATION

  • Ireland's population data is graded A quality (read more)
  • Age profile is in line with other western democracies.
Ireland's Population Breakdown
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Population
Size
(Millions)
Median
Age
(Years)
Age
Dependency
(Young)
Age
Dependency
(Old)
Age
Dependency
(Total)





Congo, Rep. 5.7 19.2 73.7% 4.9% 78.7%
Finland 5.5 43.1 25.8% 36.6% 62.4%
Norway 5.5 39.8 26.5% 26.9% 53.3%
Slovak Republic 5.5 41.2 23.0% 24.6% 47.6%
Oman 5.2 30.6 30.0% 3.3% 33.3%
Liberia 5.2 19.4 71.7% 5.9% 77.6%
Costa Rica 5.1 33.5 30.2% 14.9% 45.1%
Ireland 5.0 38.2 32.3% 22.6% 54.8%
Central African Republic 4.9 17.6 81.1% 5.2% 86.4%
New Zealand 4.9 38.0 30.3% 25.5% 55.8%
Mauritania 4.8 20.1 69.5% 5.6% 75.0%
Panama 4.4 29.7 40.8% 13.1% 53.9%
Kuwait 4.3 36.8 28.4% 4.0% 32.4%
Croatia 4.1 44.3 22.6% 33.1% 55.7%
Moldova 4.0 37.6 22.2% 17.4% 39.6%

Access the interactive all country Population table

  • Ireland has a young population profile of 32.3% an old population profile of 22.6%. The average age is 38.2 years old.

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ENVIRONMENT

  • Ireland's per capita emissions are in-line in relation to other developed countries.
Environmental Factors
Index: 0 = High Emissions, 100 = Low Emissions
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Emissions
Index
0-100
Carbon
Emissions
Total
Carbon
Emissions
Per Capita
Methane
Emissions
Total
Methane
Emissions
Per Capita
Air
Quality
PM2.5
Water
Access
per capita





Ecuador 99.0 40.5 2.3 20.4 1.1 19.6 95.4%
Mongolia 99.0 65.5 19.7 17.9 5.4 42.8 85.5%
Chile 99.0 84.3 4.4 13.5 0.7 23.9 99.0%
Czech Republic 99.0 101.0 9.4 12.4 1.2 15.4 99.0%
Belarus 99.0 62.5 6.6 16.8 1.8 16.4 96.5%
Uruguay 99.1 6.4 1.8 20.9 6.0 10.0 99.0%
Qatar 99.1 109.3 37.3 8.1 2.8 80.8 99.0%
Ireland 99.1 37.1 7.5 16.8 3.4 8.0 97.4%
Cambodia 99.1 16.0 1.0 21.6 1.3 25.1 71.2%
Ghana 99.1 15.0 0.5 21.4 0.7 54.5 85.8%
Bahrain 99.2 34.4 19.7 14.9 8.5 63.2 99.0%
Belgium 99.2 99.7 8.6 8.2 0.7 12.7 99.0%
Serbia 99.2 54.7 6.3 12.4 1.4 24.9 95.3%
Kuwait 99.2 107.5 24.8 6.1 1.4 62.6 99.0%
Israel 99.2 64.2 7.3 12.1 1.4 18.5 99.0%

See: Access the interactive all country Environmental data table

Key:
Emissions Index numbers shown on a scale of 0-100.
         0 = Bad, 100 = Good.

Notes:
Format: Carbon data in Million MtCO2e and Methane data in MtCO2e, Air Quality: PM2.5

Methodology: Total Carbon and Total Methane data for each country has been indexed on a scale of 0-100 by using the standard deviation from the mean for each country. The implied Indexes are averaged to calculate a total Emissions Index which focuses on each countries emissions.

  • Ireland is a relatively low average temperature, so far little impacted by global warming.
Average Annual Temperature by Year: Ireland

Source: CCKP. World Bank Group, Climate Change Knowledge Portal


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SOCIAL

  • Ireland has a very high level rank for its social metrics, 6th in Europe, 3rd in the EU and 14th out of 155 countries globally.
  • Each pupil in education receives 12.7 years of schooling (on average) - approximately four years more than the global average.
Social Factors: Europe
Index: 0 = Poor metrics, 100 = Excellent metrics
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Social
Factors
Index
Life
Expectancy
Years
Median
Age
Years
Mean Years
Schooling
Years
Population
in Work
Population %
Population
in Poverty
%





Switzerland 97.8 83.8 43.1 13.4 65.1% 0.0%
United Kingdom 96.5 81.3 40.5 13.2 60.4% 0.0%
Norway 96.1 82.4 39.8 12.9 61.7% 0.0%
Iceland 96.0 83.0 37.5 12.8 72.9% 0.0%
Finland 95.7 81.9 43.1 12.8 55.2% 0.0%
Ireland 95.5 82.3 38.2 12.7 59.0% 0.0%
Sweden 95.4 82.8 41.1 12.5 60.4% 0.0%
Estonia 95.2 78.8 42.4 13.1 60.3% 0.0%
Slovenia 95.1 81.3 44.5 12.7 55.9% 0.0%
Netherlands 94.9 82.3 43.3 12.4 61.6% 0.0%
Austria 94.9 81.5 43.5 12.5 57.8% 0.0%
Denmark 94.8 80.9 42.3 12.6 59.2% 0.0%
Luxembourg 94.6 82.3 39.7 12.3 56.1% 0.0%

Access the interactive all country Social data table

Key:
Social Factors Index numbers shown on a scale of 0-100
         0 = Poor social metrics, 100 = Excellent social metrics.


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GOVERNANCE

  • Ireland ranks 6th globally, 5th in Europe and 4th in the EU for Governance.
Governance Factors Index
Index: 0 = Poor, 100 = Good
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Governance
Index
(0-100 Index)
Rule of Law
Index
(0-100 Index)
Press Freedom
(0-100 Index)
Political Rights
(0-100 Index)
Corruption
Perceptions
(0-100 Index)




New Zealand 96.3 95.2 90.2 100.0 100.0
Switzerland 94.2 93.8 89.3 97.6 95.9
Luxembourg 92.6 93 86.1 95.2 95.9
Netherlands 92.0 92.1 84.1 100.0 91.8
Canada 90.7 89.5 88.2 100.0 84.9
Germany 90.6 87.1 88.5 97.6 89.0
Iceland 90.4 93.1 89.2 83.3 95.9
Ireland 89.2 85.7 95.3 97.6 78.1
Estonia 89.0 82.8 95.9 95.2 82.2
Australia 88.5 89.4 79.6 100.0 84.9
United Kingdom 88.3 85.6 85.0 97.6 84.9
Austria 88.2 93.4 82.8 92.9 83.6
Belgium 87.2 82.5 85.1 97.6 83.6
Japan 84.1 86.3 69.5 100.0 80.8
France 83.9 81.4 84.8 95.2 74.0

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Key:
The World Economics Governance Index gives equal weight to all four criteria.

Index numbers shown on a scale of 0-100.

Governance: 0 = Poor governance, 100 = As good as it gets.
Corruption Perceptions: 0 = Bad, 100 = Good.
Rule of Law: 0 = low rule of law, 100 = High rule of law.
Press Freedom: 0 = Low press freedom, 100 = High press freedom.
Political Rights: 0 = Low political rights, 100 = High political rights.



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